Canadian Ten-dollar Note
Ten dollars
Value10 Canadian dollars
Width152.4 mm
Height69.85 mm
Security featuresHolographic stripe, Watermark, EURion constellation, Tactile marks, Registration device, Raised printing, UV printing
Paper typePolymer
Years of printing2001-present
Canadian $10 note specimen - face.jpg
DesignSir John A. Macdonald
DesignerBruce Stewart
Design date2001
Canadian $10 note specimen - back.jpg
DesignVia Rail route map, featuring The Canadian. In the background; the Canadian Rockies
DesignerBruce Stewart
Design date2001

The Canadian ten-dollar note is one of the most common banknotes of the Canadian dollar.

The current ten-dollar note is dominantly purple in colour. The front features a portrait of Canada's first Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, and a metallic image of the Library of Parliament. The reverse side shows Via Rail's train, the Canadian, with the Canadian Rockies in the background; this is accompanied by a Via Rail route map. Yellow dots representing the EURion constellation can be found on both sides. As well as textured printing, this design includes Braille dots for the blind indicating the denomination as a new tactile feature.

An updated version of the note began circulation on May 18, 2005, with new security features. On the front, these include a holographic stripe along the left side, depicting the number 10 alternated with maple leaves; a watermark of Macdonald's portrait; and a broken-up number 10, which resolves itself when backlit (the latter two which replaced the shiny-leaf feature). On the back, it has an interleaved metallic strip, reading '10 CAN' repeatedly along its length.

The version of the note issued in 1971 depicted the operations of Polymer Corporation on its back.

Less-visible security features include ultraviolet-detected threads in the paper, as well as an ink imprint of the coat of arms.

As with all modern Canadian banknotes, all text is in both English and French.

A new ten-dollar note made with polymer, as part of the "Frontier Series", was released on November 7, 2013. The new note features a new portrait of Sir John A. Macdonald and hologram of the Library of Parliament on the front and the Canadian (Via Rail train pulled using F40PH-2 locomotive) in the Rockies on the back.[1] After mistakenly identifying Mount Edith Cavell and Mount Marmot as appearing in the background, the Bank of Canada later corrected them as Lectern Peak, Aquila Mountain, Mount Zengel and other mountains.[2]

On December 8, 2016, Viola Desmond was chosen as the first non-royal woman to appear alone on the obverse (front) of the ten-dollar note after being on a shortlist of five.[3][4] The note is of vertical orientation and will be issued in late 2018.[5][6] For 2017, the Bank of Canada issued a special commemorative design, celebrating the 150th anniversary of the confederation of Canada.[7]

Series Main colour Obverse Reverse Series Year Issued Withdrawn
1935 Series Purple Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood Harvest allegory 1935 11 March 1935
1937 Series Purple George VI Transportation allegory 1937 19 July 1937
1954 Series Purple Elizabeth II Mount Burgess, British Columbia 1954 9 September 1954
Scenes of Canada Purple John A. Macdonald Polymer Corporation oil refinery in Sarnia, Ontario 1971 8 November 1971 27 June 1989
Birds of Canada      Purple John A. Macdonald Osprey 1989 27 June 1989 17 January 2001
Canadian Journey Series      Purple John A. Macdonald Peacekeeping forces and war memorial; poppy field and excerpt from "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae 2001 17 January 2001 18 May 2005
2004A/2006/2008 18 May 2005 7 November 2013
Frontier Series      Purple John A. Macdonald The Canadian passenger train 2013 7 November 2013
Commemorative Issue      Purple John A. Macdonald, George-Étienne Cartier, Agnes MacPhail, James Gladstone Variety of Canadian vistas 2017 1 June 2017
2018 Series      Purple Viola Desmond Canadian Museum for Human Rights 2018


  1. ^ "$10 design" (PDF). Bank of Canada.
  2. ^ Beeby, Dean (July 29, 2014). "Bank of Canada erases mountain ID from $10 bill after questions raised". Ottawa Citizen. Canadian Press. Archived from the original on July 30, 2014.
  3. ^ Kathleen Harris (8 December 2016). "Black rights activist Viola Desmond to be first Canadian woman on $10 bill". CBCNews. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Sammy Hudes; Megan Dolski (24 November 2016). "Five women shortlisted for new Canadian bank notes". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^

Unannotated references

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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